ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Measuring the nurses’ professional self-concept and its correlation with working stress in Iranian educational Hospitals

Razieh Montazeralfaraj Montazeralfaraj , Elham Ahmadi Ahmadi, Arefeh Dehghani Tafti Tafti, Omid Barati, Mohammad Amin Bahrami

Razieh Montazeralfaraj Montazeralfaraj
Healthcare management department, Shahid Sadoughi University of medical sciences, Yazd, Iran Hospital management research center, Shahid Sadoughi hospital, Yazd, Iran. Email: aminbahrami1359@gmail.com

Elham Ahmadi Ahmadi
Healthcare management department, Shahid Sadoughi University of medical sciences, Yazd, Iran

Arefeh Dehghani Tafti Tafti
Epidemiology and biostatistics department, Shahid Sadoughi University of medical sciences, Yazd, Iran

Omid Barati
Healthcare management department, Shiraz University of medical sciences, Shiraz, Iran Health human resource research center, School of management and information sciences, Shiraz University of medical sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Mohammad Amin Bahrami
Healthcare management department, Shahid Sadoughi University of medical sciences, Yazd, Iran Hospital management research center, Shahid Sadoughi hospital, Yazd, Iran
Online First: August 05, 2018 | Cite this Article
Montazeralfaraj, R., Ahmadi, E., Tafti, A., Barati, O., Bahrami, M. 2018. Measuring the nurses’ professional self-concept and its correlation with working stress in Iranian educational Hospitals. Bali Medical Journal 7(2): 521-525. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v7i2.938


Introduction: Professional self-concept is defined as an individual’s perception of self as a professional person, which affects different aspects of professional performance. This study was aimed to investigate the professional self-concept and its relation to work stress in a sample of Iranian nurses. 

Methods: This research is a cross-sectional study using Cowin's 36-item questionnaire of professional self-concept and the Expanded Nursing Stress Scale (ENSS) in three educational hospitals of Yazd, Iran. A total of 150 nurses were included. We used descriptive statistics and Pearson’s correlation coefficient for data analysis in SPSS 22.

Results: The analysis of gathered data was done separately for included hospitals due to the nature of the study. Only in one hospital, a statistical relationship was found between professional self-concept and nursing stress while in the other two hospitals, the same relationship was not statistically significant. This finding may be due to different working conditions in different types of hospitals.

Conclusion: Although the definitive confirmation of the relationship between professional self-concept and working stress requires further studies, the approved effect of professional self-concept on some aspects of nursing stress in the studied hospitals can have important policy implications.

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