ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Effective methods in preventing plagiarism in medical research: A qualitative study at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences-Iran

Nayer Soltany, Mohammadhiwa Abdekhoda , Shafi Habibi

Nayer Soltany
MSc student of Medical library and information sciences. School of health management and medical informatics. Tabriz University of medical sciences. Tabriz, Iran

Mohammadhiwa Abdekhoda
PhD, Assistance professor in health information management. Department of medical library and information sciences. School of health management and medical informatics. Tabriz University of medical sciences. Tabriz, Iran. Iranian Center of Excellence in Health Management (IceHM). School of Management and Medical Informatics. Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Corresponding Author: hiwaabdekhoda@gmail.com orcid.org/0000-0002-1797-8916. Email: hiwaabdekhoda@gmail.com

Shafi Habibi
PhD, Assistance professor in health information management. Department of medical library and information sciences. School of health management and medical informatics. Tabriz University of medical sciences. Tabriz, Iran.
Online First: August 05, 2018 | Cite this Article
Soltany, N., Abdekhoda, M., Habibi, S. 2018. Effective methods in preventing plagiarism in medical research: A qualitative study at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences-Iran. Bali Medical Journal 7(2): 407-414. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v7i2.943


Background: The most effective way to manage problems in research, especially plagiarism, is to prevent them from initially occurring. Therefore, comprehensive planning to prevent and reduce plagiarism, or actions to internalize honesty in speech, behavior, and actions, will not only make researches worthwhile but also reduce plagiarism.

Methods: In this qualitative research, eighteen faculty members of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences participated from 2015-2016. Data were collected through a semi-structured interview and analyzed by qualitative content analysis (Mayring method).

Results: Effective factors in the prevention of plagiarism were extracted and presented in 23 subclasses and four themes including policy-making, legislation, an institutionalization of ethics in research, and the application of technology capabilities.

Conclusion: Providing strategic and operational plans to internalize ethics in research and gradual changes in policy making and updating laws and regulations are factors affecting preventive measures. Also, with an increase in information literacy and applying information technology capabilities, it is possible to prevent informed and uninformed plagiarism.

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